The agency itself has no decision-making powers, but it helps the Commission to draw up proposals for decisions in the area of the European rail network and in setting common safety targets. 2. The licence is issued by the Member State in which the company is established, provided that certain common conditions (good repute, financial fitness and professional competence) are met. In an attempt to make better use of the international freight network and improve its interoperability, the EU mapped out nine competitive European freight corridors in Regulation (EU) No 913/2010 of 22 September 2010 concerning a European rail network for competitive freight. h�bbd``b`���@�B �� $6H�h��$��:".��O 1& �ҫ$$��Į �P ��$�$b� &M a�$8�Ff�m�������@� V�� The efficiency gains this makes possible will ensure a high level of competitiveness of rail freight compared with other modes of transport. A fourth package, designed to complete the Single European Railway Area, was adopted in April 2016 (the technical pillar) and in December 2016 (the market pillar). Moreover, it thoroughly … Cheaper Transport: It is a cheaper mode of transport as compared to other modes of transport. Regulation (EU) 2020/698 relates to the application of twelve legislative texts (directives and regulations) to all modes of transport, including rail, and extends the time limits laid down for the renewal or extension of certificates, licenses or authorisations, and the postponement of certain periodic checks and training. In addition, the general rules on services of general economic interest (‘SGEI’) apply. In this context, rail transport must be ever more efficient. Elektrobusse. This paper deals with disruption management in passenger railway transportation. These notions are not two antagonistic problems, as one may think, but they represent, in fact, a false dilemma. As part of the Fourth Railway Package, Directive (EU) 2016/798 of 11 May 2016 on railway safety repealed Directive 2008/110/EC. 810 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<9D83834CFD9AEC4B89DDF6D59046EE51>]/Index[786 57]/Info 785 0 R/Length 109/Prev 323141/Root 787 0 R/Size 843/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream This necessitates the harmonisation of technical, administrative and safety rules, which is essential if there is to be interoperability between national rail systems. Directive 2008/57/EC of 17 June 2008 — later amended by Directives 2009/131/EC and 2011/18/EU — recast the earlier directives into a single text. On 8 July 2008, the Commission published a communication entitled ‘Rail noise abatement measures addressing the existing fleet’ (COM(2008)0432), in which it set the goal of retrofitting all freight wagons by 2015. Nonetheless, rail operators are keen to continue lowering the carbon impact of the railway sector, in order to make the sector an example and more attractive in drastically lowering carbon emissions for the whole transport sector. Railway transport is economical, quicker and best suited for carrying heavy and bulky goods over long distances. The Fourth Railway Package was designed to complete the Single European Railway Area and improve interoperability. On the figure 9 it can be seen that the rail sector might have a significant importance in decreasing of congested urban traffic, reducing the local air pollution in cities, which nowadays, is a very important challenge for the big towns everywhere in the world. ŠKODA TRANSPORTATION UND SINARA GROUP GRÜNDEN EIN GEMEINSAMES UNTERNEHMEN ZUR HERSTELLUNG… 17. Electrical Railway Transportation Systems explores the direct current systems used throughout the world for urban and suburban transport, which are also used in various countries for regional transport. 12. The Advantages of Railway Transport are as Follows: 1. Lately, due to the so-called priorities regarding either the construction of new highways or the development of more efficient railway lines, these two notions only generate excuses and motivations that lead nowhere. 786 0 obj <> endobj Social harmonisation. Directive (EU) 2020/700 was adopted by Parliament and the Council in May 2020. On 16 December 2008, Regulation (EC) No 1335/2008 assigned new tasks to the ERA. In September 2020, Parliament adopted the proposal for a regulation ‘to assist the railway sector deal with the emergency created by the COVID-19 pandemic’ (2020/0127(COD) intended to complete the existing rail-related framework. Access to infrastructure for railway undertakings. 3. Regulation (EC) No 1370/2007 of 23 October 2007 on public service obligations (PSO) for passenger rail transport was also amended thanks to the Fourth Railway Package. Rail industry - Clean public transport experiences a revival (English - pdf - Article) 14 - 18 On the fast track (English - pdf - Article) 19 - 23 China’s rail revolution (English - pdf - Article) 24 - 29 Greener rail for India (English - pdf - Article) 30 - 34 Switzerland by rail (English - pdf - Article) Railway Transportation Systems: Design, Construction and Operation presents a comprehensive overview of railway passenger and freight transport systems, from design through to construction and operation. It is based on an agreement between the European social partners in the rail industry. Through the adoption of Directive 96/48/EC of 23 July 1996 on the interoperability of the trans-European high-speed rail system and Directive 2001/16/EC of 19 March 2001 on the interoperability of the trans-European conventional rail system, the EU began a process designed to ensure that trains can transit smoothly and safely from one Member State rail network to another. The two directives were amended and updated by Directive 2004/50/EC of 29 April 2004. The proposed Regulation COM(2020)0260 aims to temporarily repeal the rules laid down in Directive 2012/34/EU (see above) by allowing national authorities and rail stakeholders to deal more easily with a number of negative consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic: waiver, reduction or deferral of track access charges for the use of rail infrastructure, as well as the waiver of reservation charges. 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