WORLD'S FINEST PAINTING For other neo-expressionist works like those by Gerhard Richter, see: Greatest 20th-Century Paintings.. Omissions? He was previously married to Isa Genzken and Marianne Eufinger. The battle with the trauma of the displaced history of Western Germany. Richter was the recipient of many awards, among them the Golden Lion for painting at the 47th Venice Biennale (1997) and the Japan Art Association’s Praemium Imperiale prize for painting (1997). Gerhard Richter (* 9. února 1932, Drážďany) je německý malíř a vizuální umělec žijící v Kolíně nad Rýnem. Obrist, Hans Ulrich: "Gerhard Richter. Corrections? Hubertus Butin/Stefan Gronert: "Gerhard Richter. See available prints and multiples, paintings, and photographs for sale and learn about the artist. "It makes no sense to expect or claim to 'make the invisible visible', or the unknown known, or the unthinkable thinkable. View Gerhard Richter’s 7,176 artworks on artnet. In 1976, four large paintings, each titled Seascape emerged from the Greenland photographs. We can draw conclusions about the invisible; we can postulate its existence with relative certainty. [30] Landscapes have since emerged as an independent work group in his oeuvre. He is widely regarded as one of the most important contemporary German artists and several of his works have set record prices at auction. [62] By 2004, Richter's annual turnover was $120 million. [36] Richter's high turnover volume reflects his prolificacy as well as his popularity. He studied painting at the Kunstakademie in Dresden from 1952 to 1956 and thereafter became a successful Social Realist painter. [36] At Pierre Bergé & Associés in July 2009, Richter's 1979 oil painting Abstraktes Bild exceeded its estimate, selling for €95,000 ($136,000). His first students are Gotthard Graubner, HA Schult and Kuno Gonschior. [107], In 2016 and 2019 Richter worked again with Corinna Belz on two films based on his 2012 book Patterns. [10][11] With Polke and Konrad Fischer [de] (pseudonym Lueg) he introduced the term Kapitalistischer Realismus (Capitalistic Realism)[12][13] as an anti-style of art, appropriating the pictorial shorthand of advertising. ): "Gerhard Richter", Ostfildern-Ruit 1993. Similarly, in his abstract pictures, Richter exalts spontaneous, intuitive mark-making to a level of spatial logic and believability. [90] At the same time, his works often appear at auction. [78] It included more than 90 works,[79] including the newly created Atlas Overview, a 400-panel extract selected by Richter from the larger Atlas project now deemed too fragile for loan or travel. I painted them nonetheless. Richter's opinions and perspectives on his own art, and that of the larger art market and various artistic movements, are compiled in a chronological record of "Writings" and interviews. Three months after his MoMA exhibition opened in 2001, Sotheby's sold his Three Candles (1982) for $5.3 million. ...Richter displaces the concept of the artist's hand with hard evidence of his own, wobbly, failed, and very material appendage. In his abstract pictures, Richter builds up cumulative layers of non-representational painting, beginning with brushing big swaths of primary color onto canvas. Gerhard's father, Horst Richter, was a mathematics and physics student at the Technische Hochschule in Dresden. Gerhard Richter is a contemporary German painter considered among the most influential living artists. Richter taught at the Hochschule für bildende Künste Hamburg and the Nova Scotia College of Art and Design as a visiting professor; he returned to the Kunstakademie Düsseldorf in 1971, where he worked as a professor for over 15 years. Gerhard Richter. [5] Two brothers of Hildegard died as soldiers in the war and a sister, who was schizophrenic, was starved to death in the Nazi euthanasia program.[6]. 15 of them had sold for more than $10,000,000 between 2007 and 2012. Seine Werke zählen auf dem Kunstmarkt zu den teuersten eines lebenden Künstlers. Sonic Youth used a painting of his for the cover art for their album Daydream Nation in 1988. Throughout his career, Richter has negotiated the frontier between photography and painting, captivated by the way in which these two seemingly opposing practices speak to and challenge one another. Gerhard Richter, (born February 9, 1932, Dresden, Germany), German painter known for his diverse painting styles and subjects. Biography. They have three children. As early as 1966, Richter had made paintings based on colour charts, using the rectangles of colour as found objects in an apparently limitless variety of hue; these culminated in 1973–4 in a series of large-format pictures such as 256 Colours. [80][81], Gerhard Richter, Undeniable Me, 1971/72, 48 painted portraits at the right; at the left portraits of Gottfried Helnwein, 1991–92, Gerhard Richter & Isa Genzken, Wall-art in underground, Duisburg, 1980–92, in colorful enamel plates, Gerhard Richter, Woods 1., 2005, oil on canvas, Gerhard Richter, Woods 5., 2005, oil on canvas, Gerhard Richter, Symphony of Light, c. 2007, light-fall from the stained glass window in the Kölner Dom. It is an 113 square metres (1,220 sq ft) abstract collage of 11,500 pixel-like squares in 72 colors, randomly arranged by computer (with some symmetry), reminiscent of his 1974 painting "4096 colours". [104] This was the highest price at auction of a piece of contemporary art at the time; Richter's record was broken on 12 November 2013 when Jeff Koons' Balloon Dog (Orange), sold at Christie's Post-War and Contemporary Art Evening Sale in New York City for US$58.4 million. [32] Große Teyde-Landschaft (1971) takes its imagery from similar holiday snapshots of the volcanic regions of Tenerife. Throughout his prolific career, he has demonstrated tremendous artistic range, shifting between figurative and abstract painting. Once obsessed, one ultimately carries it to the point of believing that one might change human beings through painting. Features of the work of Gerhard Richter. Throughout his process, Richter uses the same techniques he uses in his representational paintings, blurring and scraping to veil and expose prior layers.[44]. At the same time, he developed a large body of gestural abstractions of every scale, using an array of painting methods, particularly a handmade squeegee technique that pushes and scrapes layers of coloured paint across the field of the canvas. Richter came to artistic maturity at a difficult moment in history, when contemporary art and global politics reached historical “milestones” in their development. [16], Nearly all of Richter's work demonstrates both illusionistic space that seems natural and the physical activity and material of painting—as mutual interferences. Gerhard Richter (German: [ˈʁɪçtɐ]; born 9 February 1932) is a German visual artist.Richter is known for his abstract and photorealistic paintings. Gerhard Richter (* 9. Oliver Kornhoff and Barbara Nierhoff write about Götz: "1959-1979 professor at the Academy of Fine Arts Düsseldorf. He has participated in several international art shows, including the Venice Biennale (1972, 1980, 1984, 1997 and 2007), as well as Documenta V (1972), VII (1982), VIII (1987), IX (1992), and X (1997). [49] In a few cases Richter applied lacquer to one side of the sheet, or drew pencil lines across the patches of colour.[50]. Andrew McNamara: "Optative Death: Gerhard Richter in the Wake of the Vanguard" in Elizabeth Klaver (ed.). [38] In the late 1980s, Richter had begun to collect images of the group which he used as the basis for the 15 paintings exhibited for the first time in Krefeld in 1989. With a catalogue raisonné from Dietmar Elger 1962–1985, Cologne 1986. As of 2012, no fewer than 545 distinct Richter's works had sold at auctions for more than $100,000. ", "The photograph is the most perfect picture. In 1976, Richter first gave the title Abstract Painting to one of his works. According to artnet, an online firm that tracks the art market, $76.9 million worth of Richter's work was sold at auction in 2010. Granted permission to travel to the West, he was exposed to avant-garde art of the period. [58] Since 2002, the artist has created a series of three dimensional glass constructions, such as 6 Standing Glass Panels (2002/2011). Eckhart Gillen: "Gerhard Richter: Mr. Heyde or the murders are among us". Perhaps I also blur out the excess of unimportant information. They are compared to the work of Caspar David Friedrich (1774–1840). Biography Gerhard Richter is known for a prolific and stylistically varied exploration of the medium of painting, often incorporating and exploring the visual effects of photography. A Brush With Pop – A MOMA retrospective on Gerhard Richter might make you wrongly think he's a Conceptual painter. He studies painting at … [51] The artist began his investigations into the complex permutations of color charts in 1966, with a small painting entitled 10 Colors. Gerhard Richter, (born February 9, 1932, Dresden, Germany), German painter known for his diverse painting styles and subjects. ", At a Q&A ahead of his retrospective at the. See Oliver Kornhoff and Barbara Nierhoff, highest price at auction of a piece of contemporary art, "Early Years » Biography » Gerhard Richter", Axel Griesch, "Müllkünstler HA Schult: Ich möchte Unsterblichkeit. Both his wall paintings in the Academy of Arts and the Hygiene Museum were then painted over for ideological reasons. Each composition is most commonly based on a photograph taken by Richter in his own studio. Gerhard Richter (German: Gerhard Richter, born February 9, 1932, Dresden, Germany) is a contemporary German painter recognized as one of the most influential living artists. The following are Richter's answers: The Grey Pictures were done at a time when there were monochrome paintings everywhere. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. ", "I don't create blurs. German artist Gerhard Richter (born 1932) is considered one of the most significant and challenging artists of the last quarter-century. [53] The range of the colors he employed was determined by a mathematical system for mixing the primary colors in graduated amounts. Once in Dresden, Hildegard trained as a bookseller, and in doing so realized a passion for literature and music. [27] He has explored a variety of photographic printmaking processes – screenprint, photolithography, and collotype – in search of inexpensive mediums that would lend a "non-art" appearance to his work. To explore the artist's work and life, click on an image below. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Gerhard-Richter, Guggenheim - Biography of Gerhard Richter. Dissertation in the History of Art presented to the Faculties of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 2005. For Richter, reality is the combination of new attempts to understand—to represent; in his case, to paint—the world surrounding us. The later work in turn is part of a larger two-section collaboration, Reich Richter Pärt which was commissioned for the inaugural season at The Shed in the Hudson Yards development in Manhattan in New York City. [3] Horst, being a teacher, was eventually forced to join the National Socialist Party. Richter has produced abstract as well as photorealistic paintings, and also photographs and glass pieces. Today Richter is most widely recognized for the photo-paintings he made during the 1960s that rely on images culled from mass media and pop culture. [62] The 2018 drama film Never Look Away is inspired by Richter's life story. In 1998, he installed a wall piece based on the colours of Germany's flag in the rebuilt Reichstag in Berlin. [4] In 1943, Hildegard moved the family to Waltersdorf, and was later forced to sell her piano. [44] In an interview with Benjamin H.D. Gerhard Richter is one of the most important and influential artists of the post-war era. In part, this comes from his ability to explore the medium at a time when many were heralding its death. Gerhard Richter: "The Condition of History" in: Charles Harrison, & Paul Wood (Eds. [57], In 2002, for the Dia Art Foundation, Richter created a glass sculpture in which seven parallel panes of glass refract light and the world beyond, offering altered visions of the exhibition space; Spiegel I (Mirror I) and Spiegel II (Mirror II), a two-part mirror piece from 1989 that measures 7' tall and 18' feet long, which alters the boundaries of the environment and again changes one's visual experience of the gallery; and Kugel (Sphere), 1992, a stainless steel sphere that acts as a mirror, reflecting the space. [36], Today, museums own roughly 38% of Richter's works, including half of his large abstract paintings. View Gerhard Richter’s 7,175 artworks on artnet. [35], In 1982 and 1983, Richter made a series of paintings of Candles and Skulls that relate to a longstanding tradition of still life memento mori painting. [26], Richter began making prints in 1965. Among the students who studied with Richter at the Kunstakademie Düsseldorf between 1971 and 1994 were Ludger Gerdes, Hans-Jörg Holubitschka, Bernard Lokai, Thomas Schütte, Thomas Struth, Katrin Kneffel, Michael van Ofen, and Richter's second wife, Isa Genzken. Und die ist nicht käuflich", "German artist Sigmar Polke, creator of 'Higher Beings Command,' dies at 69", Gebauter Symbolismus oder reine Form? Family drama, München and Zürich ( Pendo Publishers ) 2005 spent formative years of painting,! April 2007 at auction enterprise of brewing and eventually went bankrupt a passion for literature and music he! 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