On 9 August the Archduke captured the city of Furnes after a siege of 10 days. Simply put, some people prefer glasses and don’t see the benefits in contacts. The First World War was a particularly bloody conflict and even relatively successful battles took a devastating toll. More than 650,000 men and women served our country in uniform d… All these photo lenses are beautiful pieces of engineering, but it has a "huge" cost. Mounted to the base, which measures 6″ x 3 1/4,” is a jagged piece of shrapnel. Coming back to Ypres, the Archduke tried to save the city but on 28 May the Spanish garrison capitulated. The French rearguard was badly defeated and Conde tried to answer with his heavy cavalry but he was also bitten and was obliged to run away behind the French infantry. A clear Spanish tactical defeat but the French could not press on, mainly due to the political instability in Paris and lack of men. With the success of the Canadian Corps at Hill 70, Currie now turned his eyes to the town behind the hill – Lens. The city had been captured by the French in 1647. The high casualty rates - 60,000 killed, wounded or captured - produced gloom in Britain and caused the Germans to name the battle 'the corpse field of Loos'. On 18 August, the Spanish had retaken Lens, but two days later the army of Flanders was defeated by the Prince of Conde, losing 8,000-9,000 men. The French began to move in six columns. I was in the hospital for one week, in convalescence for one week, and in base camp for one week. 21-25 August 1917. The armies drew up, but the Spanish were on high ground and Condé decided not to attack. The Battle of Hill 70, 1917 The Canadian Corps captured Hill 70, near Lens, France, during the First World War. A refight of the Battle of Lens 1648 using my Sun King 1670s figures, with the Allies as the Spanish and the French as, well, the French! So in the battle of prime vs zoom lens, which is best? When England were drawn against Wales in Group B of EURO 2016 it … The ruins of the Cathedral of Arras, after the battles of April-May 1917. The battle was one of the final conflicts of the Thirty Years' War. The objectives of the assault were to inflict casualties and to draw German troops away from the … For the Spanish the Fronde was an opportunity to retake the control of what had been lost and to bring the war to France. Battle of Arras (April 9-12, 1917). The Battle of Loos (25 September-8 October 1915) was a largely unsuccessful British offensive against German lines north-west of Lens. Change ). The soldiers on the left are scanning the sky for aircraft, while the soldier in the centre appears to be re-packing his gas respirator into the carrying pouch on his chest. This first success was encouraging for some Spanish officers, and the Archduke was quickly convinced to move all the army to the previous French position. On the other side, the two French wings managed to trap a good proportion of Spanish infantry and to overcome the last resistance of the reserve cavalry. In truth, there’s no right answer to the question of lens selection in this instance. The Spanish were halted by the strong resistance of French infantry of Picardy, Persan and Gardes Ecossaises, the attack of the squadrons of gendarmes and by the support of the French second line. Despite drawing out the Germans into a costly attack, and causing some 20 000 casualties, the capture of Hill 70 had not forced a German withdrawal from the city. Finally, the superior organisation of the French cavalry took the upper hand and the Spanish cavalry started to step back and to abandon the battlefield. The French army was 16,000 men (more than half were cavalry) and 18 guns. After managing to capture the western portion of Lens, the Canadian attacks petered out in the face of stiff resistance and the Battle of Hill 70 came to an end by August 25. The total force is given as 18,000 men with 38 artillery guns. Stamped red on right … 'Battle of Lens' , 28 August 1648. On the other cavalry wing, the men commanded by the Count of Bucquoy clashed with their enemies, holding their position while exchanging pistol fire and sword thrusts with the French cavalry of Gramont. Hill 70 (Lens) 15-25 August: A view of shells bursting in the outskirts of Lens. The Battle of Lens (20 August 1648) was a French victory under Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé against the Spanish army under Archduke Leopold in the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648). Edition number: 5. Heroism The battle took place along the Western Front on the outskirts of Lens in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France between 15 and 25 August 1917. This article refers to the wrong Lens Yes, there is a Lens in Hainaut, but the battle was fought near Lens in the Pas-de-Calais. Dust cakes their clothes, … Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. The total war imposed by Richelieu and by Mazarin had increased strongly the taxes to maintain the army. The Spanish were deployed with a right wing of cavalry commanded by the Count of Bucquoy and the Prince de Ligne. The Germans were hit even harder, with as many as 25,000 of their soldiers being killed, wounded or taken prisoner during this period. A French commander rides his white horse to victory in the Battle of Lens (1648). On the other side, French losses were estimated at 600 men excluding officers (Galeazo Gualdo, 1651). ( Log Out /  The Prince de Condé rushed from Catalonia to Flanders and an army was cobbled together from Champagne, Lorraine as well as Paris. The Battle of Lens (20 August 1648) was a French victory under Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé against the Spanish army under Archduke Leopold in the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648). Despite failing to achieve all of its goals, it was a remarkable success for the Canadian Corps. Most photographers end up having both zooms and prime lenses as part of their gear. As the French retired, the Spanish cavalry skirmished with the French rear guard and the engagement escalated until the armies were fully engaged. I was also mentioned in dispatches. In the Low Countries, the Spanish governor had instructions to take the offensive to distract the French from Catalonia. "Trenches corrected to 19-9-17". The Allies had five regiments of foot, one medium cannon, one cuirassier regiment (two double squadrons) and four horse regiments (two squadrons each), along with four generals. The French and British tried to break through the German defences in Artois and Champagne and restore a war of … Lens is a fortified city in the historic region of Flanders, today a major city in the Pas-de-Calais region of northern France. By spring 1648, a general discontent was spreading in all classes of the population. The rebellion of the parliament of Paris called la fronde parlementaire (1648- 1649) was followed by the rebellion of the nobility (1650- 1653). ( Log Out /  The French Tenth Army, led by Louis Maud'huy, attacked the advancing German forces on 1 October, initially experiencing success until they … The Fronde was the last rebellion of the French nobility against the monarchy but at the end it facilitated the emergence of absolutism. This is a desk piece commemorating the Battle of Lens in 1917. Now that the front had calmed slightly and realising that the link between the 1st and 2nd Canadian Divisions was still precarious it was decided to withdraw slightly, from Norman Trench (The Green Line during the seizure of the hill) to a position 250 metres further … A clear Spanish tactical defeat but the French could not press on, mainly due to the political instability in Paris and lack of men. The Battle of Lens (20 August 1648) was a French victory under Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé against the Spanish army under Archduke Leopold in the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648). As at Rocroi, the better organisation of the French cavalry coupled with a better coordination between the different French units had won the day for Conde. During sometime the French and Lorraine cavalry fought bravely but like at Rocroi, the cavalry of the French reserve managed to outflank their opponents. Finally we have up to 38 artillery guns located on the hill near Lens, defended by a reserve of four to seven cavalry squadrons as well as light cavalry squadrons of Croats and free companies of dragoons. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. In the aftermath of the battle of Zusmarshausen, the Holy Roman Empire attempts to drive the attention away from […] This and further attacks on Lens achieved the desired results, even though much of the town was still in German hands. In the following hours the French captured hundreds of Spanish including a wounded Baron of Beck. Meantime in the centre the French infantry led by the battalions of the Gardes Franfaises and Gardes Suisse launched a massive assault on the Spanish infantry (Bonifaz and Mouroy/Beck). This report analyses the reasons behind the retirement of two infantry brigades from … The Battle of Lens. Contemporary illustration, oil on canvas. ... tracks yellow; detail, grid, British trenches & names grey; German trenches, names & light railways red; enemy order of battle & dispositions (companies HQs etc.) The battle cemented the reputation of Condé The news from Paris was not good at all for the monarchy and the Prince of Conde was recalled to re-establish civil order. Edit: My bad, there is a small town called Lens in Belgium, but it's in Hainaut, which is part of Wallonia, not Flanders (unless one is speaking of ancient Flanders, which was a much wider region). On 20 August the Spanish Army was in battle order, it was a composite army with units from the multicultural Army of Flanders and the auxiliary Army of Lorraine. The Battle of Lens By 1648, Europeans were tired of the Thirty Years War. Above: Canadian soldiers in a captured German trench during the Battle of Hill 70 in August 1917. Still in the centre, the second line had only six infantry battalions with two cavalry squadrons (guards of the Archduke and guards of Fuensaldana) between the lines. Description. Home > England Football > SUMMER THROWBACK – THE BATTLE OF LENS. (BSLOC_2013_1_141) Undated photograph of Private Frank King who is to be buried with full military honours at the cemetery near the French town of Arras today (Wednesday), more than … On the French right, Conde was able to disperse the Spanish cavalry of the first line with ease, but he was successfully counter-attacked by the cavalry of Lorraine of the second line. Battle of Arras, (9 April–17 May 1917), British offensive on the German defenses around the French city of Arras during World War I. The city had been captured by the … Our animated historical documentary series on the Thirty Years’ War comes to the end with a video on the battles of Lens and Prague of 1648 and the subsequent peace of Westphalia which ended the conflict. Jean Pierre Franque (1774-1802) French historical painter, Galerie des Batailles, Versailles. To our knowledge, the estimate of Galeazo Gualdo (1651), should be close to the truth and if we take into accounts some deserters Spanish losses could be estimated at up to 6,000 men, most of them infantry, 38 guns and the majority of the baggage. What if Eisenhower Had Driven On to Berlin? With such arrangements, the French moved forward to retake their previous positions. The Spanish army was larger, comprising 18,000 men (also more than half cavalry) and 38 guns. Despite the bad weather, the British are continuing with their offensive in Flanders. Destroyed city of Lens during the Battle of Arras, 1917. France articles missing geocoordinate data, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Lens?oldid=2695063. The battle, in August 1917, gave the Allied forces a crucial strategic position overlooking the occupied city of Lens. Some situations might call for different needs that can be best approached with one lens or the … England Football; Football; Gareth Bale; Sport; Summer Throwbacks; Wales Football; Wayne Rooney; by Stephen Cooper - June 16, 2020 June 16, 2020 0. The capture of Hill 70 in France was an important Canadian victory during the First World War, and the first major action fought by the Canadian Corps under a Canadian commander. The Battle of Lens (20 August 1648) was a French victory under Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé against the Spanish army under Archduke Leopold in the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648). It was the last major battle of the war. Spread the love. Canadian troops have been making … On the other side the French movement was seen with surprise and the Archduke sent the cavalry of the Count of Ligneville supported by mangas of musketeers or dragoons to harass the French rearguard. Barbarossa to ‘Berlog’ – Soviet Air Force, Rome Military mid-fourth century to the mid-third century BC, Rommel Recaptures Cyrenaica, January 1942, Russian Weapons, that are currently in service…, A Lesson of History: The Luftwaffe and Barbarossa. Successful at first, they were soon isolated from their comrades suffering terrible losses after a counterattack by the Spanish tercios (Toledo and Vargas) and the cavalry of the centre. During spring and most of summer and despite the effort of Mazarin, the judicial officers of the parliament not only continue to refuse to pay but also condemned all the financial schemes of the monarchy. ( Log Out /  Western Lens taken . With the victory of the Prince of Conde in hand, Mazarin decided to arrest the leaders of the parliament, but the feeling of the common people of Paris was against him and on 27 August, during “la journee des barricades” the people of Paris erupted in open rebellion. It was the last major battle of the war and a French victory. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! The situation in the French kingdom was not as good as it seemed. The Battle of Lens (20 August 1648) was a French victory under Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé against the Spanish army under Archduke Leopold Wilhelm in the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648). Following Canovas del Castillo (Volume 2, 1888), when the first fighting started on the Spanish left the Spanish army had not finished its deployment, the cavalry was in place but some of the infantry was just arriving on the battlefield and the reserve squadrons were still on the hill in their original position. Learn how your comment data is processed. The battle for Lens Following the taking of Hill 70 the Canadian Corps had beaten off all German efforts to recapture it. The Battle of Lens was a French victory under Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé against the Spanish army under Archduke Leopold Wilhelm in the Thirty Years' War. Attacked on the flank by Erlach and from the front by Conde the cavalry of Ligneville started to give ground step by step and in the end they ran away from the battlefield. The Battle of Lens, fought on 20 August 1648 in the County of Hainaut between the Spanish Army of Flanders and the French Army of Picardy. Just poke around chat forums and you’ll find loads of questions about the pros and cons of both. It was the last major battle of the war. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. blue. The Battle of Arras (also known as the First Battle of Arras), which began on 1 October 1914, was an attempt by the French Army to outflank the German Army to prevent its movement towards the English Channel during the Race to the Sea.. Seeing a well-ordinanced force on a hill, the Prince of Conde decided to avoid a futile blind attack and fall back to find supplies in La Bassee. As usual Spanish losses are difficult to establish, but following Spanish sources, losses could be estimated at 3,500 men (infantry only), while French accounts elevated the number to 8,800 men or 10,000 men. Lens is a fortified city in the historic region of Flanders, today a major city in the Pas-de-Calais department of northern France. The Suomen Ilmavoimat (Finnish Air Force). The Lens battle was the most exciting day of my life because four times I escaped death by a hair's breadth. It was the war's last major battle. This information is written on its marble base. Lens : [Lens Battlefield 1917] Creator Subject World War, 1914-1918, World War, 1914-1918--France Description Sheet number: [36c SW]. On 12 May he had surrounded the city and on the 19th the line of circumvallation was finished. It was noteworthy for the swift and spectacular gains made by the British in the opening phase—above all, the capture of Vimy Ridge, considered virtually impregnable, by the Canadian Corps—but it ended as a costly stalemate resulting in … The left wing was under the command of the Prince de Salms and the Count of Ligneville and was made of a first line of 12 cavalry squadrons and a second line of nine squadrons. What started as a religious war between Catholics and Protestants in the Holy Roman Empire turned into a power struggle between the Bourbons and the Hapsburgs, and then into national struggles between the Spanish, French, Austrians, Czechs, Poles, Swedes and Dutch. The French guards had to withdraw as quickly as possible to the French second line and the whole of the Spanish infantry advanced towards them, capturing the French artillery. Then I was sent back up the line again. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. The Battle of Lens, fought on 20 August 1648 in the County of Hainaut between the Spanish Army of Flanders and the French Army of Picardy. The Destruction of Army Group Center, 1944. On the other side, the Spanish commander decided to abandon Ypres and rapidly moved to again attack Courtrai. In June, the Spanish conducted some operations in Artois and even in France. At the beginning of February, Archduke Leopold sent the Spanish army in a surprise attack against Courtrai but due to the awareness and strength of the French garrison the attack failed (Montglat, volume 2, 1826). battle: Part of: Thirty Years' War: Location: Lens, canton of Lens-Est, arrondissement of Lens, Pas-de-Calais, Hauts-de-France, Metropolitan France, France : Point in time: 20 August 1648: 50° 25′ 48″ N, 2° 49′ 48″ E Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Panic started to spread in the Spanish centre and some of the infantry withdrew with the last cavalry squadrons present on the battlefield. The Spanish infantry broke the Gardes Françaises regiment, but the superior French cavalry were able to defeat their counterparts and envelop the center. On the other side, the Prince of Conde understood that a retreat in such conditions could lead to a disaster and decided to stop and face the incoming Spanish. The Battle of Lens (20 August 1648) was the last major battle of the Thirty Years' War and a major French victory during the Franco-Spanish War. On 27 August, the victorious French army was again besieging Furnes and on 10 September with no hope to be succoured, the garrison capitulated. ( Log Out /  Fighting from August 15 to 25 cost the Canadians almost 10,000 casualties (killed, wounded and missing). It was the war's last major battle. Lens is a fortified city in the historic region of Flanders, today a major city in the Pas-de-Calais department of northern France. The battle between contact lenses vs. glasses may seem like a new concept. The fighting at Hill 70 and Lens was no exception and the 100,000-strong Canadian Corps suffered some 9,200 casualties between August 15 and 25, 1917. Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Conde (1621-1686), Grand Conde, defeated the Spanish. Battle of Lens 16/8/1917 Third Ypres: more failed attacks. It is probable that the right of the bataille was commanded by the Count of Fuensaldana, the left by the Baron of Beck and the Archduke was in the middle. World War 1. This time the French garrison (2,000 men) was totally surprised and after few days they had to surrender on 23 May. 16/08/2017 06/08/2017 ianmoore3000 1917, Western Front Battle of Lens, Battle of Passchendaele, British army, Canadian army, First World War, Flanders, German Army, Third Battle of Ypres, Ypres. In Paris the events started on 15 January when the parliament of Paris refused to sign seven tax edicts to finance the war. The Tamron 70-180mm is a more rudimentary lens, but it goes to the essentials where it should be: bright, fast, precise, an aesthetic image rendering, very light and easy to store in a bag and an affordable price. Battle of Hill 70 Thus, the Count of Ligneville halted his attacks and as quickly as possible the French commander reorganised his army'” with 17 cavalry squadrons45 on the right under his command, the infantry in the centre commanded by the Gaspard of Coligny on the left, 16 squadrons47 of cavalry under the command of Field Marshal Gramont and a reserve of five squadrons commanded by Colonel Erlach. Rapidly, soldiers of the Spanish infantry discovered that their flanks were open and that the Spanish cavalry had abandoned them. In the centre or bataille, in the first line, was a mixture of 10 infantry squadrons and seven cavalry squadrons. SUMMER THROWBACK – THE BATTLE OF LENS. As with many other debates, it’s all about what’s better for you. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. The campaign started really in May when the Prince of Conde moved to besiege the city of Ypres. The Battle of Hill 70 took place in the First World War between the Canadian Corps and four divisions of the German 6th Army. On 16 June, Field Marshal Rantzau tried to raid the city of Ostend with a fleet of 50 ships and 3,000 men but the Marquis of Sfondrati was waiting for him and managed to annihilate the French force and to capture Rantzau. The nobility rebelled against the leadership of Cardinal Mazarin, known as the Fronde, leading the Spanish to perceive an opportunity to retake Lens and possibly gain ground. While others discover great convenience from contact lenses or believe they look more attractive in them. THE WAR OF THE SPANISH SUCCESSION – FRANCE, Prokhorovka – the unknown clash of the Great Patriotic War. 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